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Chicago 16th Edition - Citation Style Guide - LibGuides at Dalhousie University
National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa. In these cases, first provide the full citation information for the original source. Last name of original author Publication year of original source Sontag Last name, First name of original author.
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Publication year of original source. Title of Source. Quoted in… Sontag, Susan. On Photography. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux. Quoted in Payne, Carol J. Ottawa: University of Ottawa Press.
The following link provides a sample reference list PDF. Back to Writing Centre Resources. Contact the Writing and Communication Centre.
Skip to main Skip to footer. Writing and Communication Centre. The Chicago Manual of Style: author-date. Documenting sources Sources must be documented in two places: in parenthetical references and in a reference list. Parenthetical citations: Guidelines Insert a citation when you use a direct quote , paraphrase information, or need to add further explanation to your text.
Reference list: Guidelines The reference list is a list of all material you consulted for your project, even if you did not cite it in your text. Books One author Citation. Last name Publication year, Page number Hawkins , Last name Publication year, Page number Salahub , Last name Publication year MacDowell Periodicals and journal articles Journals Citation.
Last name Publication year, Page Tinkler , Last name Publication year, Page Cech and Waidzunas , Newspapers In the Chicago style, daily newspapers are not usually included in a bibliography. Web sources Webpage with known author and date Citation. Choosing from each depends on on subject matter and the nature of sources cited.
Chicago Style Rules in General
Learning how to cite may seem like a daunting task. You may be wondering why is it necessary to do so. Excellent reasons:. Whether you choose to add a direct quotation to your paper or merely paraphrase someone else's idea, you must cite any work that did not come from you. That includes but is not limited to text, images, computer code and charts. For the purpose of citing it is very important that you understand what each of the following refers to when it comes to citations.velvetis.lt/wp-content/zandt/
Chicago-Style Citation Quick Guide
Article : This is a document written in a periodical magazine, newspaper or journal. Book: These include print books such as reference books, encyclopedias, dictionaries, and also ebooks electronic books. Be aware there is a significant difference in how you cite an ebook from a print book.
Electronic Source: information obtained in electronic format i. Digital Object Identifier DOI : refers to a unique alphanumeric string assigned to a journal article, book, book chapter, or reference entry. The DOI number is used to help track and identify individual documents.
Don't want to cite by hand?
It is similar to the function of IBSN for a book. You can check this format at the Purdue OWL. Lawrence Beesley, "The Loss of the S. Bruno S. Frey, David A. William J. The New York Times , Apr.
The Bibliography lists the full citation of each source used in your paper and can also include additional readings that you found helpful. Follow these general notes on Chicago format:. Here are some examples of Bibliography citations for common types of sources:. AuthorLastName, FirstName. Book Title in Italics.
Chicago Manual of Style: Home
City of publication: Publisher, year of publication. Lord, Walter. Ship— Titanic. City of Publication: Publisher, year of publication. Beesley, Lawrence. Titanic, Its Story, and Its Lessons. New York: Dover Publications, Frey, Bruno S. Savage, and Benno Torgler. Norms Exploring the Titanic and Lusitania Disasters. Broad, William J.
Month Day, Year. National Geographic Channel. In Chicago, quotations that extend 5 or more lines should be formatted as block quotations. This means the quotation will have no quotation marks, be single spaced, and be completely indented half an inch from the rest of the paragraph.